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Course Description

What are the origins of domestic security institutions (police) in Western Europe and the United States? How did major political developments (such as WWI and WWI, rise of fascism, the Civil Rights Movement, colonialism and de-colonization) affect the use of coercion domestically? How did public attitudes toward the police change over time in different states, and why? Why is there no mass incarceration in Europe? What are the origins (political, social, economic, and cultural) and consequences of mass incarceration in the United States? These are some of the key issues this senior seminar will address.

This is an in-person course that follows the published schedule of course meetings and requires attendance at all sessions. Tufts courses are designed to provide high-quality and interactive courses to Tufts and visiting students. For more information about course policies and expectations, please visit

This section is open to high school students. High School students will be prompted to submit an additional application after enrollment including: a high school transcript, letter of recommendation, parental permission, and other required consent forms.

Please note: this section is not open to auditors

Basic Enrollment Requirements: Unofficial Transcript – Bachelor’s Degree or progress towards a Bachelor’s Degree + 3.0 GPA.

Refund Policy: The refund policy for Courses at Tufts offerings is dependent on the type and the instruction mode of the offering: whether the course is in-person, virtual synchronous, virtual asynchronous, or a workshop or short course. Please refer to the section details to confirm the instruction mode and type of offering as well as any exceptions to the standard refund policy. The refund policies for each offering type and instruction mode are viewable here:

Remission Eligible: Yes; first day of term; all university policies apply.

Affiliated With:

School of Arts & Sciences