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Course Description

The relationship between the Papacy and the German Empire (after the start of the 13th century the Holy Roman Empire) in the medieval period was a volatile one. Papal claims of temporal authority and imperial claims of religious authority can be traced back to the time of Charlemagne. With the crowning of Charlemagne and the theoretical resurrection of the Roman Empire in the west, a struggle for supremacy between the Papacy and the German Emperors slowly began to take shape. This struggle precipitated the development of grandiose perceptions of power on both sides based extensively, on the imperial side, on the influences of perceived perceptions of imperial power in Byzantium. The two imperializing ideologies reached fruition in the thirteenth century as Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen and Pope Innocent IV commenced a herculean battle to decide, once and for all, who would be supreme in Western Europe—that is, who would be the true representative of Christ on earth.

Basic Enrollment Requirements: Unofficial Transcript – High School Diploma or current high school transcript (for high school students only in applicable classes), Bachelor’s Degree, or progress towards a Bachelor’s Degree + 3.0 GPA.

High School students will be prompted to submit an additional application after enrollment including: a high school transcript, letter of recommendation, parental permission, and other required consent forms.

Instructor Approval: Not Required.

Remission Eligible: Yes; first day of term; all university policies apply.

Refund Policy: Hybrid Course Policy

Affiliated With:

School of Arts & Sciences